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Raja Yoga Glossary

ABHAVA: Absence; disappearance.
Abhimana: Egoistic identification.
Abhinivesha: Clinging to life.
Abhivyakta: Manifestation.
Abhyantara: Internal.
Abhyasa: Spiritual practice.
Adhimatra: Intense.
Ahamkara: Egoism; self-assertive principle.
Ahimsa: Non-killing; abstinence from injury.
Akasa: Ether.
Alambana: Support.
Alpa: Little.
Anaadi: Beginningless.
Anagata: Future.
Ananda: Bliss; happiness.
Ananta: Infinite.
Aneka: Many.
Anga: Accessories; limbs.
Anima: The Siddhi by which the Yogi can become minute.
Anitya: Non-eternal.
Anta: End.
Antahkarana: The fourfold internal instrument viz., mind, Buddhi, Chitta and Ahamkara.
Antaranga: Internal.
Antarmukha: Inward.
Anusandhana: Enquiry.
Anushthana: Sustained practice.
Anvaya: Qualities.
Anyatha: Separate.
Artha: Meaning; purpose; objects.
Asana: Posture; seat.
Asmita: Egoism.
Asteya: Abstinence from theft.
Asuddhi: Impurity.
Atyanta: Complete.
Aushadhi: Herbs; medicine; drug.
Avarana: Covering; veil of ignorance.
Avidya: Ignorance.
Avyakritam: Undifferentiated.

BAHIRANGA: External.
Bahya: External.
Bala: Strength.
Bhavana: Feeling.
Bheda: Difference.
Bhoga: Life-experience; enjoyment.
Bhranti Darshana: Mistaken notion.
Bhuta: Elements.
Bhuvana: World.
Bija: Seed.
Brahmachari: Celibate.
Brahmacharya: Continence; celibacy.
Buddhi: Intellect.

CHAITANYA: Consciousness; intelligence.
Chakra: Lotus; plexus; wheel.
Chakshu: Eye.
Chandra: Moon.
Chintana: Thinking.
Chitsakti: Power of consciousness.
Chitta: Mind-stuff; organ of memory.

DARSHAN: The instrument of seeing; vision.
Daurmanasya: Despair.
Desa: Place.
Devata: Deity.
Dhairya: Endurance; patience.
Dharana: Concentration.
Dharma: Characterestics.
Dharmi: Substratum; that which possesses the Dharma.
Dhruva: Pole-star.
Dhyana: Meditation.
Divya: Luminous; supernatural.
Doshas: Faults.
Drik: The seer.
Drishta: The visible; seen.
Duhkha: Pain; misery.
Dvandva: Pairs of opposites.
Dvesha: Hatred.

EKA: One.
Ekagrata: One-pointed; concentrated.

GARIMA: The Siddhi by which the Yogi becomes very heavy.
Gauna: Secondary.
Grahana: Power of cognition.
Grahya: Capable of receiving.
Guna: Qualities.

HANA: Destruction.
Hasti: Elephant.
Hetu: Cause.
Hridaya: Heart.

INDRIYAS: Organs.
Isatvam: The Siddhi by which the Yogi becomes the Lord.
JAGRAT: Waking state.
Jala: Not real; jugglery.
Janma: Births.
Japa: Repetition of a Mantra.
Jati: Species; class.
Jiva: Human being; individual soul.
Jnana Indriyas: Organs of knowledge, viz., ear, skin, eye, tongue and nose.
Jnana: Knowledge.

KAIVALYA: Absolute independence.
Kala: Time.
Kantha: Throat.
Karana: Instrument.
Karma Indriyas: Organs of actions, viz., mouth, hand, feet, genitals and anus.
Karma: Action.
Karuna: Mercy.
Kaya-vyuha: Group of bodies.
Kaya: Physical body.
Kevala: Alone.
Klesha: Affliction.
Krama: Succession.
Kriya Yoga: Yoga of action; purification.
Krodha: Anger.
Kshama: Mercy; forgiveness.
Kshana: Moment.
Kshaya: Destruction; annihilation.
Kshetra: Field; source.
Kshina: Powerless.
Kumbhaka: Retention of breath.

LAGHIMA: The Siddhi by which the Yogi can become lighter.
Lakshana: Sign.
Laya: Dissolution.
Linga Sarira: Astral body.
Linga: Mark.
Lobha: Greed.
Loka Sangraha: Uplift of humanity.

MADHYAMA: Middle.
Maha: Great.
Mahatva: Infinity.
Mahima: The Siddhi by which the Yogi can become infinite.
Maitri: Friendliness.
Manas: Mind.
Manasic Japa: Mental repetition of a Mantra.
Manonasa: Annihilation of mind.
Mantra: Incantations.
Matra: A unit; alone.
Maya: Illusive power of Isvara.
Moha: Delusion.
Mula: Origin.

NABHI CHAKRA: Manipura Chakra.
Nabhi: Navel.
Nidra: Deep sleep.
Nimitta: Incidental cause.
Niralamba: Supportless.
Nirbija: Seedless (without Samskaras).
Nirmana: Created.
Nirodha: Restraint; suppression.
Nirvichara: Without argumentation.
Nitya: Eternal.
Nivritti: Removal.
Niyama: Observance, the second step of Raja Yoga.

OJAS: Spiritual energy.

PARA: Other energy.

Parakaya Pravesa: Entering into another body.
Parama: Higher; supreme.
Parinama: Transformation; modification; change.
Paroksha: Direct.
Phala: Fruits.
Pradhana: Chief.
Prajna: Consciousnes; discrimination.
Prakasa: Luminous; light.
Prakriti-layas: Those who are submerged.
Prakriti: Nature.
Pramana: Right knowledge.
Prana: Vital energy.
Pranajaya: Conquest of Prana.
Pranava: The sacred syllable OM.
Pranayama: Control of Prana.
Pranidhana: Self-surrender.
Prapti: The Siddhi by which the Yogi can obtain all the desired things.
Prasvasa: Expiratory breath.
Pratibandha: Obstacles.
Pratibha: Intuition.
Pratipaksha: Opposite.
Pratiptasava: Becoming latent.
Pratyahara: Abstraction of the senses.
Pratyaya: Cause; mental effort; imitation; idea of distinction.
Pravritti: Activity.
Prayatna: Effort.

RAGA: Attachment, like.
Rajas: Passion.
Ratna: Wealth.
Rechaka: Exhalation.
Rupa: Form; beauty.

SABDHA: Word.
Sadhaka: Spiritual aspirant.
Sadhana: Spiritual practices.
Sakti: Power; energy.
Sama: Equality.
Samadhi: Superconscious state; trance.
Samapatti: End.
Samaya: Circumstance.
Sambandha: Relation; connection.
Sampat: Perfection.
Samsaya: Doubt.
Samskaras: Mental impressions.
Samvit: Knowledge.
Sanga: Attachment; association.
Sankalpa: Thought.
Santa: Peaceful; calm.
Santosha: Contentment.
Sarupyam: Luminous; identification.
Sarvajna: All-knowing; omniscient.
Sarvam: All.
Satsanga: Association with the wise.
Sattva: Purity.
Satya: Truthfulness.
Saucha: Purity.
Savichara: With deliberation.
Savitarka: Without argumentation.
Siddha: Perfected soul.
Siddhi: Psychic powers.
Smriti: Memory.
Sravana: Hearing the srutis; clairaudience.
Srotra: Ear.
Sthiti: Steadiness.
Sthula: Gross.
Suddha: Pure.
Sukha: Happiness.
Sukshma: Subtle.
Sunya: Destitute of; devoid of.
Svabhasana: Self-luminous.
Svadhyaya: Study of scriptures.
Svapna: Dream.
Svarupa: One's own nature.
Svasa: Inspiratory breath.

TAMAS: Inertia.
Tapas: Austerity; mortification.
Taraka Jnana: The knowledge that leads to Moksha.
Tejas: Agni; fire.
Tivra: Keen; intense.
Trishna: Thirsting for objects.

UPARAGA: Colouring.
Upasaka: One who meditates.
Upasarga: Obstacles.
Upaya: Means.

VAIKHARI: Verbal chanting of a Mantra.
Vairagya: Dispassion; non-attachment.
Vaitrishnyam: Non-attachment.
Vajra: Adamantine firmness.
Vasana: Desire.
Vasikara: Control.
Vasitvam: Deliberation.
Vastu: Objects.
Vibhu: All-pervading.
Vichara: Enquiry into the nature of Atman.
Videha: Bodiless.
Vikalpa: Fancy; Imagination.
Viniyoga: Application.
Vipareetha Bhavana: Perverted understanding.
Viparyaya: Wrong knowledge; wrong cognition.
Virodha: Opposing.
Visesha: Distinction; defined.
Vishaya: Objects.
Visoka: Without sorrow.
Vitaraga: One who is desireless.
Viveka: Discrimination.
Vritti: Modification of mind; thought-wave.

YAMA: Restraint.
Yoga Darshana: Yoga philosophy.
Yogarudha: One who is established in Yoga.
Yogyata: Fitness.


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